Map Criteria

Specification of Criteria to Guide the Establishment of Electoral Districts

1. The boundaries of the electoral districts shall be established so that the electoral districts are equal in population as defined by law (no more than plus or minus 5 percent of the target population and preferably less).

2. The boundaries of the electoral districts shall not be gerrymandered in violation of the principles established by the United States Supreme Court in Shaw v. Reno, 509 U.S. 630 (1993), and its progeny.

3. The boundaries of the electoral districts shall be established so that the electoral districts do not result in a denial or abridgement of the right of any citizen to vote on account of race or color as provided in Section 2 of the federal Voting Rights Act.

4. The boundaries of the electoral districts shall observe communities of interest as identified in public comment or identified by the city council, including, but not limited to rural or urban populations; social interests; agricultural, industrial or service industry interests; residential and commercial areas, the location of city facilities and historical sites, and the like, insofar as practicable. For example, and without limiting the communities of interest that may be considered, the boundaries shall take into account:

a. Encinitas’s historical communities of New Encinitas, Old Encinitas, Leucadia, Cardiff-by-the-Sea, and Olivenhain; and

b. Political subdivision boundaries such as school districts and water and wastewater districts.

5. The boundaries of the electoral districts shall be compact, insofar as practicable.

6. The boundaries of the electoral districts shall be created to contain cohesive, contiguous territory, insofar as practicable.

7. The boundaries of the electoral districts may observe topography and geography, such as the existence of mountains, flat land, forest lands, man-made geographical features such as highways, major roadways and canals, etc., as natural divisions between districts, insofar as practicable. For example, and without limiting the communities of interest that may be considered, the boundaries shall:

a. Attempt to avoid the creation of a coastal/inland division; and

b. Attempt to provide, to the extent possible, for each district to share responsibility for major transportation corridors, such as Highway 5, Pacific Coast Highway, El Camino Real, and Highway 101, and coastal regions.

8. Unless otherwise required by law, the electoral districts shall be created using whole census blocks, insofar as practicable.

9. The boundaries of the electoral districts may avoid the “pairing” of incumbents in the same electoral district, insofar as this does not conflict with the constitution and laws of the State of California and the United States.

10. The boundaries of the electoral districts shall comply with such other factors which become known during the districting process and are formally adopted by the City Council.